Quantum computing with subwavelength atomic arrays

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Photon-mediated interactions in subwavelength atomic arrays have numerous applications in quantum science. In this paper, we explore the potential of three-level quantum emitters, or “impurities” embedded in a two-dimensional atomic array to serve as a platform for quantum computation. By exploiting the altered behavior of impurities as a result of the induced dipole-dipole interactions mediated by subwavelength arrays, we design and simulate a set of universal quantum gates consisting of the square root iSWAP and single-qubit rotations. We demonstrate that these gates have very high fidelities due to the long atomic dipole-dipole coherence times, as long as the atoms remain within a proximal range. Finally, we design and simulate quantum circuits leading to the generation of the maximally entangled two-qubit Bell states, as well as the entangled three-qubit Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger state. These findings establish subwavelength emitter arrays as an alternative platform for quantum computation and quantum simulation.


Freya Shah (Harvard University)
Oriol Rubies-Bigorda (Harvard University)
Susanne F. Yelin (Harvard University)

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