Progressive Growing of GANs for Improved Quality, Stability, and Variation

We train generative adversarial networks in a progressive fashion, enabling us to generate high-resolution images with high quality.

Consistent Video Filtering for Camera Arrays

Visual formats have advanced beyond single-view images and videos: 3D movies are commonplace, researchers have developed multi-view navigation systems, and VR is helping to push light field cameras to mass market. However, editing tools for these media are still nascent, and even simple filtering operations like color correction or stylization are problematic: naively applying image filters per frame or per view rarely produces satisfying results due to time and space inconsistencies. Our method preserves and stabilizes filter effects while being agnostic to the inner working of the filter.

Learning to Super-Resolve Blurry Face and Text Images

We present an algorithm to directly restore a clear high-resolution image from a blurry low-resolution input. This problem is highly ill-posed and the basic assumptions for existing super-resolution methods (requiring clear input) and deblurring methods (requiring high-resolution input) no longer hold. We focus on face and text images and adopt a generative adversarial network (GAN) to learn a category-specific prior to solve this problem. However, the basic GAN formulation does not generate realistic high-resolution images.

Cascaded Scene Flow Prediction using Semantic Segmentation

Given two consecutive frames from a pair of stereo cameras, 3D scene flow methods simultaneously estimate the 3D geometry and motion of the observed scene. Many existing approaches use superpixels for regularization, but may predict inconsistent shapes and motions inside rigidly moving objects. We instead assume that scenes consist of foreground objects rigidly moving in front of a static background, and use semantic cues to produce pixel-accurate scene flow estimates.

Semantic Video CNNs through Representation Warping

In this work, we propose a technique to convert CNN models for semantic segmentation of static images into CNNs for video data. We describe a warping method that can be used to augment existing architectures with very little extra computational cost. This module is called NetWarp and we demonstrate its use for a range of network architectures. The main design principle is to use optical flow of adjacent frames for warping internal network representations across time.

Tensor Contractions with Extended BLAS Kernels on CPU and GPU

Tensor contractions constitute a key computational ingredient of numerical multi-linear algebra. However, as the order and dimension of tensors grow, the time and space complexities of tensor-based computations grow quickly. In this paper, we propose and evaluate new BLAS-like primitives that are capable of performing a wide range of tensor contractions on CPU and GPU efficiently. We begin by focusing on single- index contractions involving all the possible configurations of second-order and third-order tensors.

Low Communication FMM-Accelerated FFT on GPUs

Communication-avoiding algorithms have been a subject of growing interest in the last decade due to the growth of distributed memory systems and the disproportionate increase of computational throughput to communication bandwidth. For distributed 1D FFTs, communication costs quickly dominate execution time as all industry-standard implementations perform three all-to-all transpositions of the data. In this work, we reformulate an existing algorithm that employs the Fast Multipole Method to reduce the communication requirements to approximately a single all-to-all transpose.

Toward Low-Flying Autonomous MAV Trail Navigation using Deep Neural Networks for Environmental Awareness

We present a micro aerial vehicle (MAV) system, built with inexpensive off-the-shelf hardware, for autonomously following trails in unstructured, outdoor environments such as forests. The system introduces a deep neural network (DNN) called TrailNet for estimating the view orientation and lateral offset of the MAV with respect to the trail center. The DNN-based controller achieves stable flight without oscillations by avoiding overconfident behavior through a loss function that includes both label smoothing and entropy reward.

Understanding Error Propagation in Deep Learning Neural Network (DNN) Accelerators and Applications

Deep learning neural networks (DNNs) have been successful in solving a wide range of machine learning problems. Specialized hardware accelerators have been proposed to accelerate the execution of DNN algorithms for high-performance and energy efficiency. Recently, they have been deployed in data centers (potentially for business-critical or industrial applications) and safety-critical systems such as self-driving cars. Soft errors caused by high-energy particles have been increasing in hardware systems, and these can lead to catastrophic failures in DNN systems.

Pages

Subscribe to Research RSS