In this paper we propose to generalize Jaccard and related measures, often used as similarity coefficients between two sets. We define Jaccard, Dice-Sorensen and Tversky edge weights on a graph and generalize them to account for vertex weights. We develop an efficient parallel algorithm for computing Jaccard edge and PageRank vertex weights. We highlight that the weights computation can obtain more than 10x speedup on the GPU versus CPU on large realistic data sets. Also, we show that finding a minimum balanced cut for modified weights can be related to minimizing the sum of ratios of the intersection and union of nodes on the boundary of clusters. Finally, we show that the novel weights can improve the quality of the graph clustering by about 15% and 80% for multi-level and spectral graph partitioning and clustering schemes, respectively.
Copyright by the Association for Computing Machinery, Inc. Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than ACM must be honored. Abstracting with credit is permitted. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post on servers, or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission and/or a fee. Request permissions from Publications Dept, ACM Inc., fax +1 (212) 869-0481, or email@example.com. The definitive version of this paper can be found at ACM's Digital Library http://www.acm.org/dl/.