Modern throughput processors such as GPUs employ thousands of threads to drive high-bandwidth, long-latency memory systems. These threads require substantial on-chip storage for registers, cache, and scratchpad memory. Existing designs hard-partition this local storage, fixing the capacities of these structures at design time. We evaluate modern GPU workloads and find that they have widely varying capacity needs across these different functions. Therefore, we propose a unified local memory which can dynamically change the partitioning among registers, cache, and scratchpad on a per-application basis. The tuning that this flexibility enables improves both performance and energy consumption, and broadens the scope of applications that can be efficiently executed on GPUs. Compared to a hard-partitioned design, we show that unified local memory provides a performance benefit as high as 71% along with an energy reduction up to 33%.
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